Lyon - Touristic Guide


Lyon  Lyon it is the third larger town of the France after Paris and Marseilles but the second urban area and is the capital of the region Rhone-Alpses. The town rises to the convergence of the Rhone and of the Saona and is composed from a historical center (Vieux Lyon, Fourviére, Saint Jean) and from a commercialer center with the Place des terreaux, Place Bellecour and the Rue the République on the peninsula says between Rhone and Saona.
 Its inhabitants call themselves Lionesi. The motto of the town is Before, Before, Lyon the Melhor, in arpitano Before, before, Lyon the better one.
 500 hectares of Lyon were classified by UNESCO in 1998 world patrimony of the humanity. It is discussed of the largest surface to the world to have this privilege. The town is member of the organization of the town of the world patrimony.
 The Roman town was been based on in 43 to. C., from the lieutenant of Giulio Cesare, Lucio Munazio Planco, on the hill of Fourviére, with the name of Lugdunum, namely "bright stronghold", likely on the place of a previous military camp that was served of base to the shipping gallic of Cesare.

 The development of the town was favored from its position, on the approach from the Italy, to the convergence of the Saona and of the Rhone and from its statute of colony. In occasion of the division of the gallic territory in three provinces in addition to the already existing Gaul Narbonese, in 27 to. C., Lyon's capital became capital of the "Gaul Lugdunense". On the slopes of the hill of Croix-Rousse the federal sanctuary of three provinces raised itself galliche, where every year the delegates of the tribe gather gallic to celebrate the religion of Rome and of the emperor reigning.
Lyon Occupied from Carlo Martello in 732, after the death of Carlomagno passed to Lotario together to the territory to east of the Saona. Belonged to the Lotaringia and to the Sacred Roman Empire until the XIV century, when it was introduced in the kingdom of France and the French king of it maded the center of their activity revolted verse Italy.
 The town stayed of modest size, but itself distinse in religious field, until its bishop was raised to the rank of primate of Gaul from papa Gregory VII in 1078. In the XIII century yourselves they held themselves two councils.
 The economical development elder itself had to leave from the XVI century, with the arrival of the Florentine banker and of merchants, attracted from the exemptions directions and from the fairs that yourselves four times held themselves the year. The commerce of the silk is developed yourselves particularly. Of this period stay numerous still of renaissance style, that testify the riches of the town.

 During the French revolution, in 1793 Lyon taken position to favor of the Girondins and it is lifted against the Convention: underwent before surrenderring itself a siege of more of two months and a fierce repression: the town taken the title of "Town freed" and about 2000 persons they had been shot or guillotined, while different residences deprived had been destroyed, above all pressed square Bellecour.
Lyon  Taken it of power aside of Napoleon Bonaparte was greeted with favor, like end of the dark period and return to the civil peace. But under the Napoleonic empire it is emphasized even more the centralism.
 During the Second World War, having situated in one of the zones did not occupy until 1943, received at first a lot taken refuge. After the occupation became a center of the Resistance, favored in this from the covered a lot of passages insides to the buildings, that it allowed to escape more easily to the occupying German. The "Museum of the Resistance", placed in the ancient seat of the Gestapo near the bank of the river they run and next to the university district, it gives back today tribute to this past. A museum really interesting is from the point of view of the chronology of the events of the second world war, is a resource of careful information on the French resistance, is on the terrible antisemitic atrociousness happened in this position. In the museum also it sees the video of the complete trial turn towards the Commander of the Gestapo Klaus Barbie.
  the town was bombed from the aviation allied may 26 of 1944, little before its liberation.